The main challenge installing guy wires onto a tiled roof was how to make anchor points. I went to a local antenna supplier and they told me the usual method is with these long self tapping o-ring bolts. So that’s what I did, it was much easier than I expected.
I used a diamond hole saw from eBay to make 2 holes in the roof tiles, and made use of an existing satellite dish mast for the final mounting point. I used threaded rod to attach a tapped o ring (or whatever you call it) to the satellite mast. Using a wet finger I was able to mold silicon around the anchor bolts in the roof tiles.
From my understanding it’s better to be earthed than not… I tried running conduit through this cement path using only an angle grinder and a chisel. This would have taken waay too long. Ended up buying a jack-hammer from gumtree (cheaper than renting). The second earth wire is from a UBNT Ethernet protector in the roof-space. This goes to a separate earth rod a small distance from the mast earth rod.
I moved the project to some acrylic in what is possibly the final stage for the project.While I thought the software reset for the Ethernet chip would suffice for connection problems, it appears this isn’t the case. I’ll try reprogramming the chip with an interrupt reboot for the main program loop, currently the device isn’t sending info to ThingSpeak.
Once the code is running smoothly (for at least a week) I’ll add email notifications. In the future I won’t use this Ethernet chip, there is a similarly priced chip I have which is much more capable.
This part of the build requires sending temperature data to the internet. This requires 3 things:
Thermocouples for measuring temperature.
A microcontroller for processing the thermocouples values.
A hardware connection to the internet.
The thermocouples simply have a change in electrical resistance dependant on temperature. This can be measured using an analog input on a microcontroller. To get sensor data into the micro I used a library called thermistor.h which gave me the number crunched readings in degrees C. the values I’m getting are currently accurate to around 3 degrees C, so I may need to do some work on the maths here.
I have several microcontrollers sitting in boxes waiting for a suitable project. Without making this a diatribe about buggy software libraries for TI micro controllers, I went with the trusty Atmel 328p aka the Arduino.
The Ethernet module I’m using to connect is the ENC28J60 chip, available very affordably from ebay.
Initially I was using an Arduino pro mini set to 5volts. While the board I bought claimed to be able to be set to 3.3 volts, this was outside the spec for the 16Mhz crystal it uses. Eventually I moved to a 3.3v 8Mhz Arduino which seems the most trouble free, using a 5v Arduino with a level shifter for the 3.3v ENC28J60 was completely unreliable.
So this bug fix by chuyrg resets the ENC28J60 by pulling a normally high reset pin low for a brief period. This hard reset of the ENC28J60 solves for the temperamental connection issues the ethercard Ethernet library seems to give. Interestingly this bugfix was already in the code :/ just needed to uncomment it… placing this reset code in the right place meant I didn’t need to implement a timer interrupt reset on the whole code…
Using the example code for ThingSpeak coupled with some thermocouple code, I used is able to throw up 2 data fields to ThingSpeak with a frequency of around 60 seconds.
Since ThingSpeak doesn’t send emails, I used this method to trigger a pushingbox.com ‘scenario’ to send email. I also added ThingSpeak ‘react’ events for a ‘No Data Check’ at 1 hour and 12 hours, in case I stop receiving data to ThingSpeak.
So now I have a seemingly reliable 5v low power temperature sensor, with hard wired email alerts, all for around $10 worth of parts. I’m happy with this not only because of the low electrical power consumption, but also because it uses low processing power – no RPi needed.
Needing to reset the Ethernet module in code is a somewhat duct-tape style solution and if it works for extended periods of time that will be fine. After all, the internet in many ways is often referred to as a crazy Rube Goldberg machine which somehow usually works. I’m guessing the ENC28J60 is needing a reset possibly due to a buffer issue, which may have been fixed with a different Ethernet library, although I don’t feel like migrating the ThingSpeak code I’ve got over to that library.. it works, it appears solid, now I’ll field test it.